The breed standard below is that which is used in Australia.
GENERAL APPEARANCE -
Symmetrical, balanced, active, powerful, level
mover; sound with kindly expression.
CHARACTERISTICS - Biddable, intelligent and
possessing natural working ability.
TEMPERAMENT - Kindly, friendly and confident.
HEAD AND SKULL - Balanced and well-chiselled,
skull broad without coarseness; well set on neck,
muzzle powerful, wide and deep. Length of foreface
approximately equals length from well-defined stop
to occiput. Nose preferably black.
EYES - Dark brown, set well apart, dark rims.
EARS - Moderate size, set on approximate
level with eyes.
MOUTH - Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular
and complete scissor bite, i.e. Upper teeth closely
overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the
NECK - Good length, clean and muscular.
FOREQUARTERS - Forelegs straight with good
bone, shoulders well laid back, long in blade with
upper arm of equal length placing legs well under
body. Elbows close fitting.
BODY - Balanced, short coupled, deep through
heart. Ribs deep, well sprung. Level topline.
HINDQUARTERS - Loin and legs strong and
muscular, good second thighs, well bent stifles.
Hocks well let down, straight when viewed from rear,
neither turning in nor out. Cowhocks highly
FEET - Round and cat-like.
TAIL - Set on and carried level with back,
reaching to hocks, without curl at tip.
GAIT/MOVEMENT - Powerful with good drive.
Straight and true in front and rear. Stride long and
free with no sign of hackney action in front.
COAT - Flat or wavy with good feathering,
dense water-resisting undercoat.
COLOUR - Any shade of gold or cream, neither
red nor mahogany. A few white hairs on chest only,
Height: Dogs 56-61 cms (22-24 ins) at withers
Bitches 51-56 cms (20-22 ins) at withers
FAULTS - Any departure from the foregoing
points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree.
NOTE - Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Anatomical Detail of a Golden
I have sourced an
number of excellent articles in order to produce this
are listed below:
Suggested Book : BreedStandard
- Canine Terminology - by H.R. Spira
- BACK: The portion
of the topline between the loin and the withers.
- CROUP: The
muscular area above and around where the tail
connects to the body.
- DEWCLAW: A fifth
claw which is located in the inside of the front
feet, and is higher than the other toes. (dewclaws
can get ripped or torn - always keep your golden's
dewclaws trimmed short).
- HOCK: The joint
on the rear of the back legs, between the rear
pastern and stifle.
- LOIN: The section
of the body located on both sides of the backbone
between the ribs and the hips.
- MUZZLE: The front
part of the jaws.
- PASTERN: The
section of the leg below the knee of the front leg
or below the hock of the hind leg.
- STIFLE: The knee
joint of the hind leg. "Hindquarter Angulation"
refers to the angle formed at this joint.
- STOP: The frontal
portion of the skull between the eyes and the top
of the head.
- WITHERS: Located
just behind the base of the neck. A dog's height
is measured at the withers.
following sketch will enable you to recognize the
almost perfect conformation of a Golden Retriever
and eventually understand when a judge notices
straight shoulders or stifles.
The standard doesn't mention anything about Height /
The dog must be slightly longer than it is tall,
with a 11/12 ratio.
The sketch below shows a golden with such a ratio.
The breed standard
calls for "
Any shade of
gold or cream, the coat can be neither red nor
mahogany. A few white hairs are permissible but only
on the chest."
result there can be a large variation in the colour
of golden retrievers.
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Serngold Golden Retrievers - South Australia
ph: (08) 82485264